The Contributio of Magazines and Journels in the progress of Urdu Litereture: A Reasearch Analysis
اردو ادب کےفروغ میں رسائل و جرائد کا کردار : ایک تحقیقی جائزہ
Keywords:: Jounalism, Civic peace and unity, invent, communication, literature, explored, news, carving, twentieth century, popularity, freedom.
Journalism has major role in people training, civic peace and unity. The news leads the human to create and invent new forms of communication. This article focused on the role of newspapers and monthly editions in promoting Urdu literature. Journalism is process for publishing books, booklets, journals and newspapers. This article highlights the origin of journalism from the Arabic word “Sahifa” with meaning “Book or Booklet”. This article has explored that publishing of news starts from china leading to England, Germany and Europe with writing letters, pasting major news on city walls, using drum to announce major official orders and carving orders on stones. In India the publishing of news started back to Asoka leading to Mughal emperors, East India Company and British rule. Findings indicated that the publishing of newspapers in India start from Hakes Gazette, India Gazette, Kolkata Gazette to many Urdu newspapers like Delhi Urdu Newspaper, Khairkhwa. In early twentieth century, newspapers like Saqi, Zamindar, Hilal, Aodh Akhbar, Tehzib ul Ikhlaq, Nigar and Payam are major newspapers that give the popularity to journalism leading role toward the freedom.